Root Canal Treatment

Root Canal Treatment

"Root canal" is the term used to describe the natural cavity within the center of the tooth. The pulp or pulp chamber is the soft area within the root canal. The tooth's nerve lies within the root canal.

A root canal treatment is a procedure which is used to save a tooth which becomes infected or badly decayed. root canal treatment is a procedure which is a option for saving a tooth instead of removing it. In this procedure the damaged area of the tooth (the pulp)is removed, followed by cleaning and disinfecting it, followed by filling and sealing it.

The most common cause affecting a pulp is a deep cavity.

Decades ago, root canal treatments were very painful, but with dental advances and local anesthetics, it's almost painless in today's dentistry. Root canal treatment consists of a number of steps that take place over several office visits, depending on the situation. these steps are-

  • » The dentist examines and x-rays the tooth, then local anesthesia is administered to the affected tooth.
  • » The dentist makes an opening in the tooth to remove the diseased pulp, called pulpectomy.
  • » Next, the root canals are cleaned and preapred for a filling. The filling is done with gutta percha material.

Why Does Tooth Pulp Need To Be Removed?

When a tooth's nerve tissue or pulp is damaged, it breaks down and bacteria begin to multiply within the pulp chamber. The bacteria and other decayed debris can cause an infection or abscessed tooth. An abscess is a pus-filled pocket that forms at the end of the roots of the tooth. An abscess occurs when the infection spreads all the way past the ends of the roots of the tooth. In addition to an abscess, an infection in the root canal of a tooth can cause:

» Swelling that may spread to other areas of the face, neck, or head
» Bone loss around the tip of the root
» Drainage problems extending outward from the root. A hole can occur through the side of the tooth with drainage into the gums or through the cheek with drainage into the skin.

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